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Other Skin Conditions

 

Cellulitis

Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a general term for an infection of the skin and the soft tissues underneath the skin. It occurs when bacteria invades broken or normal skin and start to spread just under the skin or in the skin itself. This results in an infection with associated symptoms of inflammation. Inflammation is a process in which the body reacts to the bacteria. Inflammation may cause swelling, redness, pain, or warmth. Advanced cases of Cellulitis will also present themselves with pussing and local necrosis.

  • People at risk for getting cellulitis include those with trauma to the skin or other medical problems such as the following:
    • Skin disorders such as eczema, psoriasis, or infectious diseases that cause skin lesions such as chickenpox
    • Diabetes
    • Circulatory problems such as inadequate blood flow to the limbs, poor venous or lymphatic drainage, or varicose veins
    • Liver disease such as chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis

 

 

Shingles (Herpes Zoster)

Shingles starts with burning, tingling, or very sensitive skin. A rash of raised dots develops into painful blisters that last about two weeks. Shingles often occurs on the trunk and buttocks, but can appear anywhere. Most people recover, but pain, numbness, and itching linger for many — and may last for months, years, or the rest of their lives. Treatment with antiviral drugs, steroids, antidepressants, and topical agents can help.

 

 

Rosacea

Often beginning as a tendency to flush easily, rosacea causes redness on the nose, chin, cheeks, forehead, even the eyes. The redness may intensify over time, taking on a ruddy appearance with visible blood vessels. In some cases, thickened skin, bumps and pus-filled pimples can develop. Rosacea treatment includes medications as well as surgical procedures such as laser therapy, dermabrasion, and electrocautery to reshape affected areas.

 

 

Razor Bumps

Razor bumps are tiny, irritated bumps that develop after shaving. People with curly hair are most affected by them. The sharp edge of closely shaven hair can curl back and grow into the skin, causing irritation and pimples, and even scarring. To minimize razor bumps, take a hot shower before shaving, shave in the direction of hair growth, and don’t stretch the skin while shaving. Rinse with cold water, then apply moisturizer.

 

 

Skin Tags

A skin tag is a small flap of flesh-colored or slightly darker tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk. They’re usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the breasts, or in the groin area. Skin tags appear most often in women and elderly people. They are not dangerous and usually don’t cause pain unless they become irritated by clothing or nearby skin rubbing against them. A doctor can remove a skin tag by cutting, freezing, or burning it off.

 

 

Pityriasis Rosea

A harmless rash, pityriasis rosea usually begins with a single, scaly pink patch with a raised border. Days to weeks later, a scaly rash appears on the arms, legs, back, chest, and abdomen, and sometimes the neck. The rash may appear “Christmas tree” shaped across the body. The rash, whose cause is unknown, isn’t believed to be contagious and can be itchy. It often goes away in 6-8 weeks without treatment. Pityriasis rosea is most often seen between the ages of 10 and 35.

 

 

Melasma (‘Pregnancy Mask’)

Melasma (chloasma) is characterized by tan or brown patches on the cheeks, nose, forehead, and chin. Although usually called the “pregnancy mask,” men can also develop it. Melasma occurs in half of all women during pregnancy. It may go away after pregnancy but, if it persists, can be treated with prescription creams and over-the-counter products. Use a sunscreen at all times if you have melasma, as sunlight worsens the condition.

 

 

Acne

At the heart of acne lies a clogged pore from oil and dead skin cells that can become inflamed. When open, it is called a blackhead or open comedo; closed, a whitehead or closed comedo. Often seen on the face, chest, and back, acne can be triggered by hormones and bacteria. To help control it, keep oily areas clean and don’t squeeze pimples (it may cause infection and scars).

 

This website is NOT designed to diagnose or assist in diagosing a disease but rather to help the general public become educated about common skin diseases. Consult a physician for further information.

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